You are hereHome › College of Arts, Social Sciences & Humanities (CASSH) › Reubin O'D. Askew Department of Government › Cuzán, Alfred › Expenditures and votes Style APAChicagoHarvardIEEEMLATurabian Choose the citation style. Cuzán, A. G., & Heggen, R. J. (1985). Expenditures and votes: In search of downward-sloping curves in the United States and Great Britain. Public Choice, 45(1), 19-34. doi:10.1007/BF00163585 Download PDF Expenditures and votes Details Type Academic Journal Article Title Expenditures and votes: In search of downward-sloping curves in the United States and Great Britain Contributor(s) Cuzán, Alfred G. (author)Heggen, Richard J. (author) Located In Public choice ISSN 0048-5829 Volume 45 Issue 1 Start Page 19 End Page 34 Date 1985 DOI 10.1007/BF00163585 Abstract An earlier paper showed a negative relation between increases and accelerations in F, the ratio of federal expenditures to GNP and£, the reelection or defeat of the incumbent party in the White House over the last 100 years. This paper argues that there also exists a negative relation between V, the percentage of the popular vote cast for the incumbents, and F. This function is displaced by wars and depressions and can drift over time, making it difficult to discover negative curves in the data. Dividing British and US data for the last 50 years into party periods yields clearly discernable negative functions for F and V for the incumbents.