You are hereHome › Hal Marcus College of Science & Engineering (CSE) › Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences › Meyer-Arendt, Klaus J. › Land Reclamation Along West Germany's North Sea Coast, With Particular Emphasis Upon North Friesia Style APAChicagoHarvardIEEEMLATurabian Choose the citation style. Meyer-Arendt, K. J. (1980). Land Reclamation Along West Germany's North Sea Coast, With Particular Emphasis Upon North Friesia. Reclamation, 124-139. Download PDF Land Reclamation Along West Germany's North Sea Coast, With Particular Emphasis Upon North Friesia Details Type Journal Article Title Land Reclamation Along West Germany's North Sea Coast, With Particular Emphasis Upon North Friesia Contributor(s) Meyer-Arendt, Klaus J. (author) Located In Reclamation Start Page 124 End Page 139 Date 1980 Abstract The North Sea coast of West Germany can be divided into a North Friesian and an East Friesian sector, separated by the "corner" of the German Bight that merges with the estuaries of the Elbe and Weser Rivers (Fig. 1). Both areas are characterized by a gently-sloping offshore and a relatively high tidal range (about 2.4 m, increasing toward the corner of the bight). In both areas, wide mainland coastal plains--formerly marsh but now almost entirely reclaimed for agriculture--are relatively protected by sets of barrier islands and sand banks. It is the origin of the barrier islands that provides the greatest distinguishing difference between the two sectors. The East Friesian Islands are a true barrier island chain, nourished by eastward-trending drift composed of sands eroded from the Pleistocene/Holocene Rhine delta in Holland . The North Friesian Islands, on the other hand, are largely remnants of a formerly-extensive marsh area interspersed with chunks of coarse Pleistocene outcrops that were left behind following the last major period of glaciation. The outer (seaward) barrier nature of these islands has resulted primarily from a marine reworking--northward and southward-of the coarse Pleistocene (and some Tertiary) deposits.· In an examination of the role of coastal land reclamation in Germany, I have decided to focus primarily upon the North Friesian sector, owing to the more dynamic changes that have occurred there during the historic time framework. The protective role of the sand barrier has been less in North Friesia (comparatively}, and man's attempts at marsh reclamation have repeatedly been set back by the forces of nature, particularly in the area of the marsh-remnant islands (halligen). In addition, source material for reclamation research is more readily available for the North Sea coast of Schleswig-Holstein, especially in the many detailed scholarly volumes written and edited by Dr. Otto Fischer (1955a, 1955b).