You are hereHome › Hal Marcus College of Science & Engineering (CSE) › Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences › Meyer-Arendt, Klaus J. › Patterns and Impacts of Coastal Recreation Along the Gulf Coast of Mexico Style APAChicagoHarvardIEEEMLATurabian Choose the citation style. Meyer-Arendt, K. J. (1990). Patterns and Impacts of Coastal Recreation Along the Gulf Coast of Mexico. Recreational Uses Of Coastal Areas, 133-141. Download PDF Patterns and Impacts of Coastal Recreation Along the Gulf Coast of Mexico Details Type Book Chapter Title Patterns and Impacts of Coastal Recreation Along the Gulf Coast of Mexico Contributor(s) Meyer-Arendt, Klaus J. (author) Located In Recreational Uses of Coastal Areas Start Page 133 End Page 141 Date 1990 Abstract Much of Mexico's shoreline has been transformed into a recreational cultural landscape. Segments' of the Pacific coast and (more recently) the Caribbean coast have undergone such extensive cultural and physical modification by tourism u1at a recent regional study of Mexico broke them out as a separate 'nation' of 'Club Mex' (Casagrande. 1987). Included in Club Mex are the Pacific enclave._~ of Mazatlan, Puerto Vallarta, Manzanillo, lxtapa, Acapulco, and Pueno Escondido and the Caribbean enclave of Cancun/Cozumel. Coastal tourism accounts for approximately 45% of total tourism in Mexico, which translates to about S700 million in (1983) revenues (Merino, 1987). and the Club Mex enclaves are the primary destinations of most tourists', both international and national. Recognizing the touristic value of its shores, Mexico devoted 93 percent of is (1982) investment in tourism - $370 million - to coastal infrastructural development. Major resort complexes were developed in the 1970s by the Mexican government at IxtapaZihuanianejo on the Pacific coast (Reynoso y Valle and de Regt, 1979) and at Cancun on the Caribbean coast (Collins, 1979). Conspicuously absent from any discussions of international coastal tourism in Mexico is the Gulf Coast, apparently because of less-than-suitable physical conditions. When the Mexican government decided (in the late 1960s) to develop the infrastructure for an Atlantic resort to counterbalance the numerous Pacific resorts, is computer selected the Cancun is the in Quintana Roo (Dunphy, 1972). The beaches along the Gulf of Mexico coast were considered to be 'physically unsuitable for major tourism development' because of a combination of climatic, water quality, and beach quality factors (Collins, 1979). Climatically, negative aspect~ for tourism include the two dozen or so annual winter cold front (none) which penetrate to the southern Gulf (and thus made winter tourism opportunities unreliable. especially in comparison to Acapulco and Cancun) and the humid, rainy, and overcast summers (especially in the states of Veracruz, Tabasco. and Campeche). Hurricanes which enter the Gulf tend to track either westward or refract to the north and thus pose only a threat mostly 10 u1e sparsely developed Tamaulipas coast. Water quality along the Gulf is lower than the Pacific and Caribbean coasts because of high sediment in now (especially along the southern and western rim of the Gull). high nearshore turbidity because of a virtual absence of protective offshore reefs, and localized pollution (especially nc.ar Veracruz and Tampico) which tends to attract sharks. Beach quality is also somewhat inferior because of a high amount of fine sediments along the Veracruz coast and a high shell content along the north Yucatan coast.