You are hereHome › College of Education & Professional Studies (CEPS) › Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice › Denney, Andrew › Encyclopedia of Social Deviance Style APAChicagoHarvardIEEEMLATurabian Choose the citation style. Denney, A. S. (2016). Encyclopedia of Social Deviance. Encyclopedia Of Corrections. Download PDF Encyclopedia of Social Deviance Details Type Encyclopedia Entry Title Encyclopedia of Social Deviance Contributor(s) Denney, Andrew S. (author) Located In Encyclopedia of Corrections Date 2016 Abstract Faith-based programs are one of the oldest forms of correctional treatment in prisons around the world. In the United States (US), faith-based programming was the original and primary form of treatment. The use of faith-based programming in the US was reduced greatly with the rise of the medical model of inmate rehabilitation in the mid-twentieth century. Recently, however, faith-based programming has experienced revitalization with the Charitable Choice provision of the 1996 Welfare Reform and development of the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives in 2002 (since renamed to the White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships). Consequently, faith-based organizations are now allowed to compete for federal grants once reserved exclusively for non-religious organizations. As such, the increased presence and use of faith-based programming in correctional contexts has simultaneously continued a strong tradition and has renewed a long-standing debate in corrections.