You are hereHome › Usha Kundu, MD College of Health (COH) › Department of Public Health › Curtis, Denice › Assessing the Oral Health Status of Three Indigenous Communities in Ecuador Style APAChicagoHarvardIEEEMLATurabian Choose the citation style. Curtis, D. C. (2016). Assessing the Oral Health Status of Three Indigenous Communities in Ecuador. Download PDF Assessing the Oral Health Status of Three Indigenous Communities in Ecuador Details Type Grant Proposal Title Assessing the Oral Health Status of Three Indigenous Communities in Ecuador Contributor(s) Curtis, Denice C. (author) Date 2016 Abstract Purpose:To assess the impact of social determinants of health such as diet/nutrition, tobacco use and alcohol consumption, education level, oral hygiene practices, environmental exposure to fluoride, and availability of oral health services on oral health in three rural communities in Ecuador. Methods: This will be a cross-sectional descriptive study that will utilize a survey to assess the community awareness of risk factors for oral health. Approximately 140 individuals 18 years and older will participate in the study. Non--probability consecutive sampling method will be used to recruit the participants who meet the inclusion criteria as they become available. In addition to collecting data about risk factors and behaviors related to oral health, in these communities, we plan to conduct a brief Caries Risk Indicator/Clinical examination of approximately 200 school age children (7-12 years) in order to assess: a) obvious white spots, decalcification, obvious decay, and presence of fluorosis; b) restorations placed in the last 2 years; c) obvious presence of plaque on the teeth and bleeding gums; and d) absence of permanent teeth. Because fluorosis is an issue that affects these communities, we plan to test the local water for excess fluoride. This research project will be coordinated with staff from the University of San Francisco in Quito-Ecuador (SFQU). Dentists and dental hygienists attending a class at the SFQU will participate in the project. Discussion: By conducting research about oral health issues in a developing country such as Ecuador, we hope to show the disparities that exist in the oral health status among subgroups (i.e. rural vs urban) as well as the impact of lack of access to oral health care and education on oral health outcomes.