You are hereHome › College of Arts, Social Sciences & Humanities (CASSH) › Department of History › Champagne, Marie Thérèse › Both text and subtext Style APAChicagoHarvardIEEEMLATurabian Choose the citation style. Champagne, M. T. (2011). Both text and subtext: The circulation and preservation of two manuscripts of Nicolaus Maniacutius in twelfth-century Europe. Textual Culture, 6(1), 26-47. doi:10.2979/textcult.6.1.26 Both text and subtext Details Title Both text and subtext: The circulation and preservation of two manuscripts of Nicolaus Maniacutius in twelfth-century Europe Contributor(s) Champagne, Marie Thérèse (author) Located In Textual culture ISSN 1559-2936 Date 2011 DOI 10.2979/textcult.6.1.26 Abstract Within European manuscript culture in the twelfth-century, a vast network of monastic and cathedral scholars circulated texts between their institutions, copying them, incorporating them into other manuscripts, and, in turn, preserving them. This study of the early circulation of two texts by Nicolaus Maniacutius († ca. 1145), a Cistercian scholar in Rome, reveals that they were incorporated into other codices in Rome, London, and northern England through different types of scholarly networks, and suggests some of the modes of transmission. How these texts were circulated clearly indicates how each text was valued, and demonstrates how “intellectual property” was valued in twelfth-century Europe.