Scoliosis, Kyphosis, Lordosis

Scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis are spinal disorders causing the spine to curve in a particular manner; scoliosis causes sideways curvature, kyphosis causes a “hunchback” curvature, and
lordosis causes an inward curvature of either the cervical or lumbar vertebrae. This study aims to determine what age ranges are most affected by a specific spinal disorder, if males or females are more likely to have a specific spinal disorder, and if specific groups are more likely to have a spinal disorder. These data could be useful for anthropologists when confronted with a decedent with a spinal disorder if the findings show evidence of certain ages, sex, or population groups being more affected.
The objective of this research was to understand the incidence of scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis using a sample of U.S. forensic case decedents, including frequencies of each spinal disorder associated with age, sex, and social race. This research also sought to determine which vertebrae are most affected in each spinal disorder. The aim is to inform the practice of
biological anthropology with more detailed information about where, and in whom, these pathological conditions occur.
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Abstract/Description: Scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis are spinal disorders causing the spine to curve in a particular manner; scoliosis causes sideways curvature, kyphosis causes a “hunchback” curvature, and lordosis causes an inward curvature of either the cervical or lumbar vertebrae. This study aims to determine what age ranges are most affected by a specific spinal disorder, if males or females are more likely to have a specific spinal disorder, and if specific groups are more likely to have a spinal disorder. These data could be useful for anthropologists when confronted with a decedent with a spinal disorder if the findings show evidence of certain ages, sex, or population groups being more affected. The objective of this research was to understand the incidence of scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis using a sample of U.S. forensic case decedents, including frequencies of each spinal disorder associated with age, sex, and social race. This research also sought to determine which vertebrae are most affected in each spinal disorder. The aim is to inform the practice of biological anthropology with more detailed information about where, and in whom, these pathological conditions occur.
Subject(s): New Mexico Decedent Image Database (NMDID)
Undergraduate Research
Date Issued: 2021